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Theory papers

A. Einstein: ON A HEURISTIC POINT OF VIEW CONCERNING THE PRODUCTON AND TRANSFORMATION OF LIGHT

A. Einstein: ON THE ELECTRODYNAMICS OF MOVING BODIES

A. Einstein: DOES THE INERTIA OF A BODY DEPEND UPON ITS ENERGY-CONTENT?

A. Einstein: THE FOUNDATION OF THE GENERAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY

H. A. Lorentz: ELECTROMAGNETIC PHENOMENA IN A SYSTEM MOVING WITH ANY VELOCITY LESS THAN THAT OF LIGHT

N. Ashby: Relativity in the Global Positioning System

Kostas D. Kokkotas: GRAVITATIONAL WAVE PHYSICS

Michael P. Price and William F. Rush: Nonrelativistic contribution to Mercury's perihelion precession

Experiments testing relativity

Clifford M. Will: The Confrontation between General Relativity and Experiment

2014   Overview of experiments testing General Relativity.

A. A. Michelson and E. W. Morley: Influence of Motion of the Medium on the Velocity of Light

1886   A repetition of Fizeau's experiment.

A. A. Michelson and E. W. Morley:  On the Relative Motion of the Earth and the Luminiferous Ether

1887   The "MMX".

 

A. A. Michelson: EFFECT OF REFLECTION FROM A MOVING MIRROR ON THE VELOCITY OF LIGHT

1913  Test of the invariance of the speed of light.

 

A. A. Michelson:  THE EFFECT OF THE EARTH’S ROTATION ON THE VELOCITY OF LIGHT PART I

1925   Repetition of the Sagnac experiment

 

A. A. Michelson and Henry G. Gale:  THE EFFECT OF THE EARTH’S ROTATION ON THE VELOCITY OF LIGHT PART II

1925   Repetition of the Sagnac experiment

R. J. Kennedy and E. M. Thorndike:  Experimental Establishment of the Relativity of Time

1932   The "KTX".

 

H. E. Ives and G. R. Stilwell: An Experimental Study of the Rate of a Moving Atomic Clock

1938  Rate of a moving clock.

 

H. E. Ives and G. R. Stilwell: An Experimental Study of the Rate of a Moving Atomic Clock. II

1941  Rate of a moving clock, extended version of the 1938 experiment.

G. M. Clemence: The Relativity Effect in Planetary Motions

1947  Precession of the perihelion of Mercury.

 

R. V. Pound and G. A. Rebka:  GRAVTATIONAL RED-SHIFT IN NUCLEAR RESONANCE

1959  The Pound & Rebka experiment.

C. G. Babcock and T. G. Bergman: Determination of the Constancy of the Speed of Light

1963  Test of the invariance of the speed of light.

 

David H. Frisch and James H. Smith: Measurements of the Relativistic Time Dilation Using μ-Mesons

1963  Muon speed and lifetime.

T. Alväger, F.J.M. Farley, J. Kjellman and I. Wallin: TEST OF THE SECOND  POSTULATE OF SPECIAL RELATIVITY IN THE GeV REGION

1964  Test of the invariance of the speed of light.

P. Beckmann and P. Mandics: Test of the Constancy of the Velocity of Electromagnetic Radiation in High Vacuum

1964  Test of the invariance of the speed of light.

T. A. Filippas and J. G. Fox: Velocity of Gamma Rays from a Moving Source

1964  Test of the invariance of the speed of light.

 

Irwin I. Shapiro: FOURTH TEST OF GENERAL RELATIVITY

1964  Delay of radar pulses. "Shapiro delay".

 

Irwin I. Shapiro et al.: FOURTH TEST OF GENERAL RELATIVITY: PRELIMINARY RESULTS

1968  Delay of radar pulses. "Shapiro delay".

J. C. Hafele: PERFORMANCE AND RESULTS OF PORTABLE CLOCKS IN AIRCRAFTS

1971  The Hafele & Keating experiment.

 

J. C. Hafele and R. E. Keating: Around-the-World Atomic Clocks

1972  The Hafele & Keating experiment.

C. O. Alley:  INTRODUCTION TO SOME FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS OF GENERAL RELATIVITY AND THEIR REQUIRED USE IN SOME TIMEKEEPING SYSTEMS

1976  The experiment: Proper Time Experiments in Gravitational Fields with Atomic Clocks, Aircraft, and Laser Light Pulses” is described in pages 708-716

K. Brecher:  Is the Speed of Light Independent of the Velocity of the Source?

1977  Test of the invariance of the speed of light

 

J. A. Buisson et al: INITIAL RESULTS OF THE NAVSTAR GPS NTS-2 SATELLITE

1977  Rate of clocks in GPS orbit as observed from the ground

 

A. Brillet and J.L. Hall: An Improved Test of the Isotropy of Space Using Laser Techniques

1979 A laser version of the MMX.

 

R. F. C. Vessot et al.: Test of Relativistic Gravitation with a Space-Borne Hydrogen Maser

1980  Gravity Probe A.

 

Chris Pollock: Mercury’s Perihelion

2003  Precession of the perihelion of Mercury.

 

M. Froeschlé, F. Mignard and F. Arenou: DETERMINATION OF THE PPN PARAMETER γ WITH THE HIPPARCOS DATA

2004  Gravitational deflection of visible light

 

John D. Anderson, Eunice L. Lau, and Giacomo Giampieri: Measurement of the PPN Parameter γ with Radio Signals from the Cassini Spacecraft at X- and Ka-Bands

2004  Gravitational deflection of EM-radiation.

 

S.S. Shapiro, J.L. Davis, D.E. Lebach, and J.S. Gregory: Measurement of the Solar Gravitational Deflection of Radio Waves using Geodetic Very-Long-Baseline Interferometry Data, 1979–1999

2004  Gravitational deflection of EM-radiation.

 

Lulu Liu:  The Speed and Lifetime of Cosmic Ray Muons

2007  Muon speed and lifetime

V. G. Turyshev: Relativistic Gravitational Deflection of Light and Its Impact on the Modelling Accuracy for the Space Interferometry Mission

2008  Gravitational deflection of light.

 

E. Fomalont, S. Kopeikin, G. Lanyi and J. Benson: Progress in Measurements of the Gravitational Bending of Radio Waves Using the VLBA

2009  Gravitational deflection of light.

C. W. F. Everitt et al:  Gravity Probe B: Final Results of a Space Experiment to Test General Relativity

2011  Gravity Probe B

 

John D. Anderson and Eunice L. Lau: Improved Test of General Relativity with Radio Doppler Data from the Cassini Spacecraft

2012  Gravitational deflection of EM-radiation, gravitational time delay.

 

Grant Remmen and Elwood McCreary: Measurement of the Speed and Energy Distribution of Cosmic Ray Muons

2012  Muon speed and lifetime

 

B. Botermann et al: Test of Time Dilation Using Stored Li+ Ions as Clocks at Relativistic Speed

2014  Rate of a moving clock.

 

B. P. Abbott et al.: Observation of Gravitational Waves from a Binary Black Hole Merger

2016 Detection of gravitational waves with LIGO

 

B. P. Abbott et al.: Tests of general relativity with GW150914

2016 Detection of gravitational waves confirms GR

 

B. P. Abbott et al.: GW151226: Observation of Gravitational Waves from a 22-Solar-Mass Binary Black Hole Coalescence

2016 Detection of gravitational waves with LIGO